This car is an older restoration and is powered by an inline four-cylinder powerplant displacing over 50 horsepower. A three-speed manual transmission transfers power to the rear wheels. Stopping becomes courtesy of rear wheel mechanical brakes. This vehicle is appointed in a light yellow livery with a black interior, both in good condition considering the age of restoration. This is one of the very few Speedsters built!
The Hudson Motor Car Company was founded in Detroit in 1909 with the financial backing of department store magnate Joseph L. Hudson. It established a reputation for quality cars which gradually grew more expensive. To broaden its market share, in 1919 Hudson introduced a new light car called the Essex, named after an English county in the hope of giving it a little extra cachet.
The name wasnt the only English influence. The Essexs four-cylinder engine had European type dimensions, meaning a small cylinder bore (favoured in Europe for tax purposes) of 85.7 mm (3.375 in.) and a long stroke of 127 mm (5.0 in.). It displaced 2.9 litres. A further unusual feature was an F-head design with the intake valves in the cylinder head and the exhaust valves in the block.
With 55 horsepower, in an era when the Ford Model T had only 20, the Essex was quite fast. It soon established numerous speed and endurance records including a marathon 50 hours in Cincinnati covering a distance of 4,890 km (3,037 mi) at an average speed of 97.81 km/h (60.75 mph).
The Essex had Hudsons traditional wet clutch with holes in the clutch plate into which round cork disks were inserted. They were heat and pressure treated to stay in place. It ran in an oil bath and was smooth and effective if the oil level was maintained.
With over 20,000 first year sales the new Essex sold well, although not in the Ford Model T league. Then in 1921, Essex made a pioneering move by offering a two-door closed coach body style priced at only $1,495. While this was $300 more than an open model Essex, it was still reasonable compared with other closed cars.
The price of the coach would be reduced to $1,245 in 1922, and ultimately to $895 in 1925, five dollars lower than an equivalent closed car. Although competitors derided the Essex coach as a packing crate on wheels, it was exactly what the market wanted. It prompted General Motorss legendary executive Alfred P. Sloan, Jr., to remark: Nothing like that had ever been seen before in the automobile industry, and the Essex coach had a considerable vogue.
The moderately priced Essex coach led a revolution. Up to 1925, open cars had predominated, but after that year more closed cars were sold and open cars gradually shrank to a permanently small percentage of the market.
For 1924 the Essex abandoned the four in favour of a small high speed six, again with a European bore and stroke of only 66.67 by 101.6 mm (2.625 by 4.0 in.), and displacement of 2.13 litres.
It was high speed out of necessity because the Essex had a truck-like rear axle ratio of 5.6:1, which made the poor little long-stroke six spin 3,700 revolutions per minute. And its 28 horsepower was pretty anaemic compared with the lusty four, so it lacked considerably in performance.
Since the Essex six paled before the fours speed, Essex decided to launch a sportier model to give the marque some sparkle. This was the 1927 Speedster, which unfortunately was a Speedster in name only. John Bond of Road & Track wrote that the Essex could reach just 55 mph, and for 3 minutes only.
Essex decided to get more serious about sportiness, and in 1929 introduced the boat-tailed Speedabout that lived up to its name. With the six now up to 2.6 litres (160 cu in.) and 55 horsepower it gave the Speedabout some 70 mph, and a claimed 60 mph (96 km/h) all day.
This cruising ability was made possible by an unusual transmission in which second gear was an overdrive with a higher ratio than high gear. The technique was to start off in first, shift to third, and then back to second. Although unorthodox, it saved the engine from high rpm. The overdrive second eased the strain, but the car was actually faster in high where its 113 km/h (70 mph) required 4,000 rpm.
The Essex engine had another unusual characteristic in that its counterweights were bolted onto the crankshaft, rather than cast with it as were others. It was a long time Hudson feature.
Unfortunately the Speedabouts introduction was soon overshadowed by the stock market crash and the Great Depression. The result was that few, reportedly only five, were built, making it one of the rarest of cars.
The Depression saw Essex sales plunge so in 1932 Hudson launched the Essex Terraplane model with its six-cylinder engine now up to 3.5 litres (212 cu in.) and 90 horsepower. Its performance rivalled the newly introduced Ford V8. The Terraplane name became so popular that the Essex designation was discontinued after the 1933 models and another interesting nameplate slid into history.
BUYER'S TERMS, PROVISIONS & CONDITIONS OF SALE
Bidding. No bid may be retracted by Bidder/Buyer during the sale for any reason, regardless of whether bid is made in person, by telephone, or as an absentee bidder. All sales are final upon the Auctioneer's declaration of sale.
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BUYER'S PREMIUM / FEES:
Memorabilia - 15% of winning bid
Vehicles, Motorcycles, Trucks, Boats, etc - 10% of winning bid
Additional fees: One-time Wire Transfer Fee – Domestic $35.00 / International $50.00
$125.00 Title / Document Fee per Vehicle
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Other Terms. Vehicles not marked as "Offered Without Reserve" are subject to a minimum bid set by the Seller. When a vehicle is sold subject to such a minimum bid, the auctioneer may bid on the Seller's behalf in an amount not to exceed the Seller's minimum bid. All terms of sale posted on the auction premises, printed in sale brochures or forms, publicly announced, or otherwise published are incorporated herein by reference. Sonicbidder.com LLC and sellers assume no liability for errors in this listing. Items are sold as is, where is, without any warranties whatsoever, whether express, implied or statutory. Expressly excluded are warranties of merchantability, fitness for use, and purpose and description. Hour meter readings or mileages are unverified information and accuracy is not guaranteed in any way. Any information is gathered from sources believed to be reliable but is not guaranteed to be accurate. Items are available for inspection, and any bidder is solely responsible for personally inspecting the item and verifying any information presented here or elsewhere. Item descriptions and listings are subject to change, correction, updates or cancellation at any time, without notice. Complete terms / payment options may be obtained by calling 877-824-3337 or emailing shana@Sonicbidder.com LLC.
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MAIN WAREHOUSE LOCATION 679 W Elm St Suite 8 Lebanon, MO 65536 Inspection and checkout, call for appointments at 877-824-3337.
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Autos, Trucks, Boats, Motorcycles
It is the purchaser's responsibility to arrange the shipping. Removal must be completed on or before the 30th calendar day (for domestic property/merchandise) or the 60th calendar day (for export only property/merchandise) after the sale date or the buyer will default the terms of sale and property/merchandise will be resold by the Auction Company. Said property/merchandise shall revert possession back to Seller without further notice to the buyer and will result in any monies paid being forfeited and the transaction shall be null and void as to buyer.
Property/merchandise must be paid in full before removal. No partial release of any lots. Removal is by appointment only and should be made by the buyer with Sonicbidder.com LLC storage vendor only after buyer has received the necessary property release document. It is the sole responsibility of the buyer to remove the property purchased by the removal date. All property/merchandise in a Lot must be released to original buyer at one time. Removal is at the expense, liability, and risk of the buyer. Please do not make flight arrangements or schedule pickups in advance, until you receive authorization via email with a copy of the paid invoice. Memorabilia Auction company will not be responsible for shipping. All shipping will be responsibility of customer and their preferred carrier, if customer has one.
AUCTION END AND BID APPROVAL At the close of the sale, all bidders will be emailed their bid results (online auctions only) and the totals will be forwarded to the respective authorities for final approval. Once we receive approval, you will receive an email notification that your bid has been approved or denied. Payment instructions will be given at that time. Each vehicle is considered a separate purchase. Sonicbidder.com LLC or any other entities involved, in their sole discretion, reserves the right to declare an item sold or postponed, cancel the auction, extend the bidding time for the auction (which may re-open bidding on closed items, if any) and/or re-list the property for auction at another date and time. The decision of Sonicbidder.com LLC or any other entities on this matter shall be final. Bidder acknowledges that, by registering in any auction held by Sonicbidder.com LLC or any other entities, bidder accepts the terms and conditions of this disclaimer.
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